Diabetes and your eyes (easy read)

Easy read fact sheet on how diabetes can affect your eyes. 

This is an easy read document

People with diabetes may have problems with their eyes

Eye test

There is a special eye check for people with diabetes.

This is often called NHS Diabetic Eye Screening.


It is important your eyes are tested every year to check for problems.

A form

We have a factsheet about the NHS Diabetic Eye Screening Test.

Diabetes makes changes to the inside of your eyes

Clear vision

Sometimes your sight doesn’t change and you can still see clearly.

Eye doctors call this Background Diabetic Retinopathy.

A doctor

Follow your doctor’s advice about healthy living to try and control your diabetes well.

Blurry vision

Sometimes your sight may become blurry, making it harder to see clearly.

Eye doctors call this Diabetic Maculopathy.

Patch vision

Your sight can suddenly get worse and become patchy. You will not be able to see parts of what you look at.

Eye doctors call this Proliferative Diabetic Retinopathy.

Cloudy lens

People with diabetes may also have cataracts.

A cataract is when the lens in the eye becomes cloudy.

If you have diabetes you should:

A doctor

Go to all your health appointments.

Eye test

Still go to the optician for an eye test every year.

Healthy food

Ask your doctor about healthy food to eat.


Take your medicine.

Person riding a bike

Have a healthy lifestyle.

Eye test

Having your eyes checked is the only way to find out if diabetes is making your eyesight worse.

Eye doctor

Your eye doctor can also tell you about treatments to make your eyes better.

GP surgery

Talk to your GP or optician if your eyesight changes or you are worried about your eyes.